Hormones are your body’s chemical messengers. they are used to establish a communication between brain and organs of body. they regulate your physiological function and behavioral activities such as digestion, metabolic function, growth and development, excretion, sleep, stress, mood etc.
Hormones are secreted by endocrine gland in your blood stream, the quantity of secretion is regulated by brain. Regulation of hormone secretion is often dependent on complex sets of direct influence and feedback interactions involving the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal axes, hypothalamic pituitary ovarian axes, hypothalamic pituitary thyroidal axes.
Hormones are powerful. It takes only a tiny amount to cause big changes in cells or even your whole body. That is why too much or too little of a certain hormone can be serious.
Common diseases that comes due to imbalance of hormonal production or secretion are
- Uterine fibroid and flabbiness of uterus
- ovarian cyst ( PCOS, choclate cyst, simple ovarian cyst)
- Fibroadenoma ( breast lump )
- menstrual disorder ( metrorrhagia , dysmenorrhoea, scanty or oligomenorrhoea)
- Premenopausal syndrome (Hot flushes)
- Dropsical swelling (water retention in soft tissue)
- delayed puberty
- precocious puberty
- hair falling or baldness
- Low or nil sperm count (oligo or azospermia)
- Thyroid disease (Hyper or hypthyroidism)
- Bone disease ( osteoporosis , rickets, paget’s disease , osteomalacia)
- parathyroid or calcium metabolic disorder